"I paint myself because I am often alone and I am the subject I know best."
— Frida Kahlo
Photo by Guillermo Davila, 1929.
"I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear." ~ Nelson Mandela. Rest in peace, Madiba. Photo: Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture.
"Black Wall Street, the name fittingly given to one of the most affluent all-Black communities in America, was bombed from the air and burned to the ground by mobs of envious Whites. In a period spanning fewer than 12 hours, a once thriving Black business district in northern Tulsa lay smoldering – a model community destroyed and a major African-American economic movement resoundingly defused.
The night’s carnage left some 3,000* African Americans dead and over 600 successful businesses lost. Among these were 21 churches, 21 restaurants, 30 grocery stores and two movie theaters, plus a hospital, a bank, a post office, libraries, schools, law offices, a half dozen private airplanes and even a bus system. As could have been expected, the impetus behind it all was the infamous Ku Klux Klan, working in consort with ranking city officials and many other sympathizers.
The best description of Black Wall Street, or Little Africa as it was also known, would be to compare it to a mini Beverly Hills. It was the golden door of the Black community during the early 1900s, and it proved that African Americans could create a successful infrastructure. That’s what Black Wall Street was all about.
The dollar circulated 36 to 100 times, sometimes taking a year for currency to leave the community. Now a dollar leaves the Black community in 15 minutes. As for resources, there were Ph.D.s residing in Little Africa, Black attorneys and doctors. One doctor was Dr. Berry, who owned the bus system. His average income was $500 a day, hefty pocket change in 1910…”
*Other sources state that the death toll was 300 (not 3,000), thanks to those who pointed that out. However, whether 3, 300, or 3,000—the destruction and lasting effects are no less devastating.
Jacqueline Kennedy at John F. Kennedy’s funeral, Arlington Cemetery, November 25, 1963 (via)
The Kennedys arrive at Love Field, November 22, 1963.
The End of Camelot
November 22nd, 1963Even in her grief, Jacqueline Kennedy had the strength to recount her husband's assassination in vivid detail and the presence of mind to convey her hopes for his memorials. "His last expression was so neat," Mrs. Kennedy told journalist Theodore H. White in comments released for the first time Friday. "He had his hand out, I could see a piece of his skull coming off ... and I can see this perfectly clean piece detaching itself from his head. "Then he slumped in my lap," she said. "His blood and brains were in my lap. "I kept saying: `Jack, Jack, Jack' and someone was yelling: `He's dead, he's dead.' All the ride to the hospital I kept bending over him saying: `Jack, Jack, can you hear me, I love you Jack.' I kept holding the top of his head down, trying to keep the brains in," she said on Nov. 29, 1963, a week after the president's assassination.
A type of female warrior belonging to the Japanese upper class. They are sometimes mistakenly referred to as female samurai, although this is an oversimplification. Onna bugeisha were very important people in ancient Japan. Significant icons such as Empress Jingu, Tomoe Gozen, Nakano Takeko, and Hōjō Masako were all onna bugeisha who came to have a significant impact on Japan.
Nonetheless, for thousands of years, certain upper class Japanese women have learned martial skills and participated in fighting.
Between the 12th and 19th centuries, many women of the samurai class learned how to handle the sword and the naginata (a blade on a long staff) primarily to defend themselves and their homes. In the event that their castle was overrun by enemy warriors, the women were expected to fight to the end and die with honor, weapons in hand.
Some young women were such skilled fighters that they rode out to war beside the men, rather than sitting at home and waiting for war to come to them.
Marilyn Monroe visits the troops in Korea, 1954
African American men and women in service during WWll
Londoners seek shelter during WWII in the Aldwych tube station, April 1941.Photograph by Acme News Pictures, Inc.
Complete destruction of House No. 1, located 3,500 feet from ground zero, by an atomic blast on March 17, 1953, at Yucca Flat at the Nevada Proving Ground. The time from the first to last picture was 2.3 seconds. Via the Atlantic.
November 4, 1922: King Tut’s Tomb Is Discovered
On this day in 1922, Pharaoh “King Tut” Tutankhamun’s tomb was discovered by British archaeologist Howard Carter in Egypt’s Valley of Kings. Known for restoring traditional religion and art, King Tut ruled the 18th dynasty in ancient Egypt (1333 – 23 BCE) and died at the young age of 19.
Take a 360-degree tour with NOVA’s “Explore Ancient Egypt” interactive journey for a blast from the past ancient world.
Photo: King Tut Ankh Amun Golden Mask (Steve Evans/ Flickr/Wikimedia Commons)