Sakai Hōitsu (1761-1828), Maples and Cherry Trees, after 1817.
These are not just any old-timey visitors to the Great Sphinx. This is from 1864, when a group of Japanese emissaries went on a diplomatic mission to Europe. And they just stopped by the Sphinx and posed in full samurai regalia. Seriously.
August 6th 1945: Hiroshima bombed
On this day in 1945, the first nuclear attack in history occurred when the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The American plane Enola Gay dropped the bomb called ‘Little Boy’, which killed around 70,000 people instantly. The effects of the radiation killed thousands more in later years, resulting in a catastrophic death toll of around 140,000 people. Three days later the ‘Fat Man’ bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, resulting in the loss of around 75,000 lives; in both cases, the majority of casualties were civilian. Whilst other Axis powers including Nazi Germany had already surrendered earlier that year, ending the war in the European theatre, Japan had continued to fight the Allied forces. The bombings were therefore deemed necessary by the United States to end the war and avoid a costly invasion of Japan. In the aftermath of the devastating attacks, Japan surrendered to the Allies on 15th August, thus ending the war in the Pacific theatre of World War Two. Today, 69 years on, the atomic-bomb scarred cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki provide a sharp reminder of the horrors of nuclear warfare.
"My God, what have we done?"
- Enola Gay’s co-pilot Robert Lewis upon seeing the impact
Katsushika Hokusai: Feminine Wave and Masculine Wave
Dragonfly helmet, made in Japan in the 17th century (source).
High-ranking lords began to embellish their helmets with sculptural forms so that they could be visually located on the battlefield. Exotic helmets (kawari kabuto) also allowed leaders to choose symbolic motifs for their helmets that reflected some aspect of their personality or that of their collective battalions. This helmet is shaped like a giant dragonfly. In Japan, the dragonfly is symbolic of focused endeavor and vigilance because of its manner of moving up, down and sideways while continuing to face forward. In addition, in ancient texts Japan was often referred to as Akitsushima (Land of the Dragonflies), because of their abundance. They were also thought to be the spirits of rice, since they are often to be found hovering above the flooded rice fields. - from the Minneapolis Institute of Arts description
1964 Japanese Coca Cola Ad
Japanese Youth in Revolt, 1964. Photos by Michael Rougier for Life Magazine(via)
" Dragon" Artist Utagawa Kuniyoshi. Woodblock print. About 1840,s, Japan
Admiring a Folding Fan, 1910s, Japan. Momotaro, seated on the left, and four other Maiko (Apprentice Geisha) admiring the decoration on a folding fan. A vintage postcard from the late 1910s or early 1920s.
Under the Wave off Kanagawa (Kanagawa oki nami ura), also known as the Great Wave, from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanjūrokkei)- Katsushika Hokusai ca. 1830–32 (via)
Artist: Kuniyoshi (Genji)
Size/Format: Oban Tate-e 9.75 by 14.25 inches
Description: Chapter number: 22 Chapter name: Tamakazura (玉鬘, Jewel Garland) Scene: The diving girl Tamatori grasping the sacred jewel and brandishing a dirk while being attacked by an octopus. In the background, there is a mirage of Hôrai, which is like Shangri-La and is the home of the Dragon King.
Series: Genji kumo ukiyoe awase
Publisher: Ise-ya Ichibei (via JAPAN PRINT GALLERY: Chapter 22)
Taira no Kiyomori’s Spectral Vision (1845), Hiroshige
A type of female warrior belonging to the Japanese upper class. They are sometimes mistakenly referred to as female samurai, although this is an oversimplification. Onna bugeisha were very important people in ancient Japan. Significant icons such as Empress Jingu, Tomoe Gozen, Nakano Takeko, and Hōjō Masako were all onna bugeisha who came to have a significant impact on Japan.
Nonetheless, for thousands of years, certain upper class Japanese women have learned martial skills and participated in fighting.
Between the 12th and 19th centuries, many women of the samurai class learned how to handle the sword and the naginata (a blade on a long staff) primarily to defend themselves and their homes. In the event that their castle was overrun by enemy warriors, the women were expected to fight to the end and die with honor, weapons in hand.
Some young women were such skilled fighters that they rode out to war beside the men, rather than sitting at home and waiting for war to come to them.